Entries by Galina Sapundjieva


Modern chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats are multifaceted which can make them difficult to predict and counter. Ensuring sustainable capacities for tackling CBRN threats at the national level requires an all-hazard approach to the mitigation of CBRN risks regardless of their origins, i.e. whether these occur as a result of natural phenomena, such […]

CBRN Threats: Training Guide for First Responders

  This publication is intended to support training activities for first responders in the field of CBRN security risk prevention and mitigation. The guide highlights the context and complexity of CBRN threats, in order to facilitate consideration of possible approaches, measures, and tools that could be leveraged for developing appropriate response frameworks that promote security […]


  This report outlines a methodology for assessing national capacity for countering the misuse of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) materials and related information. The proposed methodology is grounded in an all-hazard approach for addressing CBRN risks regardless of their cause and highlights specific aspects of the process of preventing and responding to CBRN […]

International and EU Governance of CBRN Security

  The present report titled International and EU Regulation of Countering the Hostile Misuse of CBRN Materials and Knowledge provides an overview of the international and EU regulatory context of countering the deliberate misuse of CBRN materials and knowledge. The report argues that upholding the international norms against WMD non-proliferation enshrined in the existing international […]

EC: First Security Union Progress Report Released

The report notes the extension by one year of the sanctions regime which allows the EU to impose restrictive measures on persons and entities involved in the development and use of chemical weapons. On 14 October 2020 the Council of the EU adopted restrictive measures against six individuals and one entity involved in the assassination […]

EU Security Union Strategy: connecting the dots in a new security ecosystem

Noting that “terrorists have sought to acquire and ‘weaponise’ chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials”, the EU Security Union Strategy 2020-2025 underlines the need for strengthening the EU civil protection response capacities in the field of CBRN and for further enhancing cooperation with third countries on the development of a common culture of CBRN […]