- Training, Awareness-Raising, and Outreach – this category features tools for enhancing knowledge of WMD disarmament and the broader context of CBRN security. Such tools include e-learning modules and teaching and training resources that can be used for the development of relevant programmes and courses.
The development of the Compendium has been underpinned by wide-ranging desk research to identify and collect open-source information on existing data-sharing tools that are utilised by international organisations, government agencies, and civil society stakeholders active in the field of CBRN security. The Compendium is intended as an indicative but not exhaustive resource. Would you like to recommend a tool to be added to the Compendium? Please contact us.
Info Kit for First Responders
The Info Kit that has been developed as part of the Preparedness Response for CBRNE Incidents (PRINCE) project contains links to training opportunities, technologies, and CBRN-e exercises. The PRINCE project seeks to develop an e-training simulation platform and CBRN-e Emergency Management System, which will feature a 3-D game-based simulator.
CBRN Online Market and Stakeholder Survey
The aim of this anonymous survey is to collect views, opinions and information from the wider CBRN stakeholder communities and thus inform what unfulfilled needs there are. This survey targets: (1) industry; (2) users; and (3) procurement agencies. It has been developed as part of the European CBRN Innovation for the Market Cluster (ENCIRCLE) initiative which seeks to consolidate EU CBRN safety, security, and defence communities of suppliers and practitioners. The survey is available in English, French, and Spanish.
Countering Biological Threats: Webinar Series
To facilitate scientific data sharing and networking amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the Mediterranean and Black Sea Field Epidemiology Training Programme Network to Increase Security in the EU neighbourhood (“MediPIET”) has launched a webinar series. The webinars are free of charge and their recordings can be watched on-demand.
Serious Gaming for Enhanced Security Learning
The European Network of CBRN Training Centers (eNOTICE) has developed an initial prototype of a hospital-based serious game. In order to develop a better appreciation of end-users’ expectations of the utility of serious gaming for training purposes, the eNOTICE consortium has set up an open-source survey.
A Platform for Bridging the Health and Security Communities
The Network of Practitioners for Emergency Medical Systems and Critical Care (NO-FEAR) online platform seeks to bring together two networks of relevant stakeholders – practitioners, decision, and policy-makers network and the supplier and academia network. The NO-FEAR platform is intended to facilitate interaction and collaboration.
Interactive Platform for Multi-Agency Cooperation
The INCLUDING platform developed within the framework of the Innovative Cluster for Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies is intended as an innovative tool for managing facilities and resources. The platform is underpinned by a federated architecture and aims to bring together infrastructure, equipment, and experts from public and private sectors, including academia operating in the field of radiological and nuclear emergencies from across the EU.
Online Platform on the Safety and Security of Transport of Chemical and Biological Materials
The Security in Transport (SecTrans) online platform seeks to support training activities and promote interaction and knowledge sharing among stakeholders in North Africa and the Sahel region. The platform has been developed within the framework of an EU CBRN Centres of Excellence Initiative aimed at strengthening capacities for the management of risks associated with land transport of chemical and biological materials.
CBRN Gate is a platform that brings the International Master’s Programme on Protection against CBRN-e offered by the University of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy) and the Health Safety Environmental Research Association Rome (HESAR) into greater cooperation and empowers synergies and partnerships in the field of safety and security related to non-conventional chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear events and events involving explosives (CBRNe).
The Pandora Report: Where Science Meets Security
The Pandora Report is an online knowledge hub for biodefense related issues. Among other things, it features a weekly news feed on recent publications, events, and initiatives in the field of biological security and a LinkedIn group for networking and exchange.
BTWC Confidence Building Measures Electronic Facility
To enhance transparency and trust, States Parties to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) have agreed to the voluntary exchange of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs). CBM reports are submitted annually and cover areas of relevance to the national implementation of the Convention, such as declarations of high-containment research facilities, vaccine-production facilities, suspicious biological events, and national biological security regulatory frameworks. States Parties can decide whether to make their CBM reports publicly available.
UNICRI: A Knowledge Management System Model
The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), in cooperation with the EC has developed a model Knowledge Management System which aims to improve the cooperation between national experts and representatives of International/Regional Organisations on preventing CBRN trafficking. The UNICRI Knowledge Management System features a needs assessment tool, resource toolkit, and collection of national data analyses. The System has been piloted in South-East Europe and the Caucasus, as well as in the North Africa region.
WCO: Customs Learning and Knowledge Community (CLiKC!)
The World Customs Organization (WCO) represents 183 Customs administrations across the globe that collectively process approximately 98% of world trade. The Customs Learning and Knowledge Community (CLiKC!) offers e-learning courses and training materials covering different aspects of CBRN security, such as import and export control regimes. Access to CLiKC! is limited to customs officers. The WCO Academy provides additional training and learning opportunities regarding customs rules and procedures that are open to the general public.
Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) – Results Packs
The Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) of the European Commission seeks to bring research results to professionals in the field to foster open science, create innovative products and services, and stimulate growth across Europe. CORDIS maintains a public repository with the results of projects funded by the EU’s framework programmes for research and innovation. CORDIS also produces its own range of domain-specific publications and articles in multiple languages to facilitate data sharing. Results packs combine outputs and findings generated as part of different initiatives and provide integrated sets of data and toolkits. For example, the results pack on disaster-resilient societies an inter-disciplinary data set covering safety and security issues related to natural and man-made disasters, including deliberate attacks.
Community of European Research and Innovation for Security (CERIS): CBRN-e Threats
The Community of European Research and Innovation for Security (CERIS) seeks to build upon and carry out the mandate and activities of the Community of Users for Secure, Safe, and Resilient Societies (CoU). CERIS covers three core areas of research and innovation: disaster preparedness and response, combatting crime and terrorism, and strengthening border and external security.
European Commission Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre
Knowledge Centres bring together experts and knowledge from different locations inside and outside the European Commission, creating a new instrument to develop and pursue informed and evidence-based EU policies. The European Commission Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre (DRMKC) integrates existing scientific multi-disciplinary knowledge and co-develops innovative solutions for existing needs. DRMKC provides a networked approach to the science-policy interface in disaster risk management across the Commission, EU Member States, and the DRM community within and beyond the EU.
European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection (ERNCIP)
The European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection (ERNCIP) aims at providing a framework within which experimental facilities and laboratories can share knowledge and expertise in order to harmonise test protocols throughout Europe, leading to better protection of critical infrastructures against all types of threats and hazards. ERNCIP features several Thematic Groups which cover CBRN security issues in the context of critical infrastructure protection.
ERNCIP Inventory of Labs
The ERNCIP Inventory is a free-to-use search tool for open-source information on European security experimental and testing facilities. The system stores detailed profiles of laboratories that have capabilities in the field of Critical Infrastructure Protection. It helps critical infrastructure stakeholders to identify and make contact with CIP-related experimental expertise located in the EU.
ENCIRCLE: Dynamic Catalogue on CBRN Technology and Innovation
The European CBRN Innovation for the Market Cluster (ENCIRCLE) seeks to provide a platform for cooperation among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) that are active in the field of CBRN safety, security, and defence. The ENCIRCLE Dynamic Catalogue is an open and neutral platform associated with commercial and technical services. It allows industry and technology providers to showcase European CBRN capability as well as provide a knowledge source for practitioners and policy-makers.
UNSC Resolution 1540 Assistance Support Initiative
The Assistance Support Initiative seeks to help States achieve compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which obligates countries to combat the spread of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, their means of delivery, and illicit trafficking in related materials within or across their borders. The Initiative maintains a searchable database of projects and programmes which serves as a single source of information for States interested in obtaining assistance with the national implementation of the Resolution. The Initiative is managed by the Stimson Center.
Resource Tool for Disease Investigation
SuspectED App is an in-field resource tool designed by Flinders University to assist outbreak investigators in health, security, and veterinary sectors to identify primary triggers and indicators of emerging or deliberate biological events. The App serves as a standardised reporting platform for collecting and labelling evidence to maintain chain of custody and securely communicating outbreak-related data. It further provides guidance on Personal Protective Equipment, as well as links to international guidelines around sample collection, transport of biological materials etc.
Biosecurity Central is a publicly available web-based library providing relevant and reliable sources of information on key areas of biosecurity. The library is a searchable and filterable database designed to enable ready access to biosafety and biosecurity resources from around the globe, published by governmental, international, and non-governmental organisations. This web tool has been developed by the Georgetown University Center for Global Health Science and Security, USA and Talus Analytics.
Global Biolabs is an interactive online tool that maps BSL-4 laboratories around the world. This tool presents aggregated data about high-containment laboratories and the biosafety and biosecurity policies and measures that are implemented within these facilities. It has been developed as a joint initiative of King’s College London, UK and George Mason University, USA.
Training, Awareness-Raising, and Outreach
The United Nations Office Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) e-learning module entitled “Introduction to Disarmament: Machinery, Processes and the Role of the United Nations” covers the operations of the First Committee of the General Assembly, the Disarmament Commission, and the Conference on Disarmament. It also provides an overview of disarmament processes as undertaken by the Security Council, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Office for Disarmament Affairs, the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission. The course is part of the UNODA Disarmament Education Dashboard which hosts self-study and instructor-led courses. Relevant topics that are covered include Weapons of Mass Destruction and UNSC Resolution 1540.
IAEA Online Training on Nuclear Safety and Security and Safeguards
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is the international nuclear watchdog that oversees States’ compliance with the provisions of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The IAEA further works to promote a strong international culture of nuclear safety and security, in order to ensure that nuclear energy and radioactive materials are not diverted to weapon development. The IAEA Learning Management System offers a wide range of training courses, modules, and other educational and awareness-raising material on different aspects of nuclear safety and security.
BTWC National Implementation Resource Repository
The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) is the principal international agreement that outlaws the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, and retention of biological and toxin weapons. The Resource Repository contains materials and tools in the area of biological security that may facilitate the national implementation of the Convention.
OPCW Education and Outreach
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is the international implementing body of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which prohibits the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, and use of chemical weapons. To facilitate the full and effective implementation of the Convention and strengthen the prevention of re-emergence of chemical weapons, the OPCW administers an Education and Outreach Portal with training and awareness-raising opportunities. The portal features online educational modules for National Authorities and stakeholders associated with the implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, as well as interactive teaching and learning resources on chemical security and disarmament.
CTBTO Online Educational Resources
CTBTO (Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization) education and outreach activities and resources aim to enhance engagement with key stakeholders by developing capacity and exchanging knowledge on the technical, scientific, legal and political aspects of the CTBT and its verification regime with the broader scientific community, academia and the media. The objective of this approach is to raise public awareness of the CTBT’s contribution to international peace and security, strengthen the global norm against nuclear testing, and support efforts to advance the Treaty’s entry into force and universalization.
UNODC: International Legal Framework against CBRN Terrorism
The acquisition and use of CBRN weapons or materials by non-State actors poses a serious threat to international peace and security. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has developed a two-part e-learning module that covers the international legal framework against CBRN terrorism and the countering of terrorism financing and proliferation of WMDs by non-State actors. The module is available in different languages.
INTERPOL E-Learning: Hazardous Chemicals and Waste
The INTERPOL Global Learning Centre (IGLC) provides access to a comprehensive range of online e-learning modules and documents. The platform offers more than 60 different courses with an increasingly interactive component. IGLC also contains an online library of resources with a wealth of links to reports, documents and websites of law enforcement organizations. This is complemented by resources from other relevant bodies such as universities, police colleges, academies and training institutions. Most IGLC courses are restricted access only. One example of a publicly available e-learning course is the Hazardous and Chemical Waste e-learning course. This training covers the provisions of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions which contribute to safely managing the production, movement, use and disposal of hazardous chemicals and waste.
EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Consortium E-Learning Course
The EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Consortium (EUNPDC) is a European network of independent non-proliferation think-tanks that was established by an EU Council Decision in 2010 to support the implementation of the EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. The EUNPDC eLearning Course covers relevant aspects of the EU non-proliferation and disarmament agenda and aims to provide a comprehensive knowledge resource for practitioners and scholars interested in arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament of both conventional and unconventional weapons.
ESDC Training Course on the Non-Proliferation of WMD and Their Delivery Systems
The European Security and Defence College (ESDC) was established in 2005 to provide strategic-level education in European Security and Defence Policy, now Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The ESDC is a network-based college that seeks to enhance and foster competence and understanding of security-related issues, including disarmament and non-proliferation among civilian and military personnel.
IEGBBR Compendium of International Biosafety and Biosecurity Oversight Systems for Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins
The International Experts Groups of Biosafety and Biosecurity Regulators (IEGBBR) was formed in 2007 and is made up of biosafety and/or biosecurity regulatory authorities from 11 member countries that have strong regulatory oversight systems in place for biosafety and biosecurity. The IEGBBR Compendium of International Biosafety and Biosecurity Oversight Systems for Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins provides detailed descriptions of the national regulatory oversight approaches among the 11 member countries. The Compendium was launched as a publicly available, searchable mobile application in English and French at the Google Play store in December 2019. Users can search and contrast desired aspects of the featured biosafety and biosecurity oversight systems. The Compendium is a useful reference tool for countries that aim to develop or strengthen their national biosafety and biosecurity capacities.
A Guide to Training and Information Resources on the Culture of Biosafety, Biosecurity, and Responsible Conduct in the Life Sciences
This Guide is an integrated resource covering a wide range of teaching, training, and outreach materials that can be of use in raising awareness of biological risk management, including the need for preventing the misuse of life sciences.
EU CBRN Glossary App
The EU CBRNE Glossary is the EU official glossary on chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive risks (CBRN-E). It is an information tool for practitioners in CBRN-E management and response (law enforcement, fire brigades, medical emergency, civil protection, border control, etc.) developed by the European Commission in support of the EU CBRN Action Plan. The EU CBRNE Glossary includes approximately 820 validated entries.
PIK App for Dual-Use Items Identification and Classification
PIK NTD is a mobile application that aims to support the work of customs officers regarding the identification and classification of dual-use goods. The App could also be of use to businesses to check if the goods they are trading are controlled or not. The App is aligned with the EU control lists of dual-use goods and products. It is based on a user-friendly interface that enables the quick identification of an item by a keyword, HS Code, or EU Code. It features both scanning and typing functionalities and is trilingual working in English, Armenian, and Russian. The App has been developed by the Armenian Research Centre for Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (NPC), with the support of International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC) as part of an EU-funded initiative.
Database of Hazardous Chemicals
CAMEO Chemicals is a database of hazardous chemical datasheets that emergency responders and planners can use to get response recommendations and predict hazards – such as explosions or toxic fumes. The tool is available in multiple formats – website, mobile website, desktop programme, and as a mobile app.
The Global Terrorism Database (GTD)
The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database featuring information on domestic and international terrorist attacks around the world from 1970 through 2019, and now includes more than 200,000 cases. For each event, information is available on the date and location of the incident, the weapons used and nature of the target, the number of casualties, and – when identifiable – the group or individual responsible. The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) makes the GTD available via this online interface in an effort to increase understanding of terrorist violence so that it can be more readily studied and defeated.
Monterey WMD Terrorism Database
The Monterey WMD Terrorism Database is the largest open-source catalogue of worldwide incidents involving the acquisition, possession, threat and use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by sub-state actors. Maintained by the Centre for Non-Proliferation Studies’ WMD Terrorism Research Program, the database includes more than 1,100 incidents that relate to the use of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials as possible weapons. The database presents data captured from hundreds of monitored sources – including news services, academic and trade journals, government reports, books, conferences proceedings, Internet sites and unpublished sources – in a variety of languages, such as Arabic, Chinese, English, Farsi, French, German, Korean, Russian and Spanish.
Profiles of Incidents Involving CBRN and Non-State Actors (POICN) Database
The Profiles of Incidents involving CBRN and Non-State Actors (POICN) database is an open-source relational database recording ideologically motivated CBRN incidents including attacks, failed agent-use attempts, plots and proto-plots. The dataset is currently comprised of 517 events covering the period 1990 to 2016. Each event collects more than 140 geospatial, temporal, motivational, operational, tactical, and consequence variables. The database is managed by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START).